Kimberley Process: Evaluating the Pros and Cons

Understanding the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme

The kimberley process pros and cons Certification Scheme (KPCS) was established in 2003 to prevent conflict diamonds from entering the mainstream diamond market. Led by governments, diamond producers, and non-governmental organizations, the KPCS aims to regulate and eliminate the trade of conflict diamonds, which are used to fund wars against legitimate governments.

Pros of the Kimberley Process

1. Ensuring Ethical Sourcing

One of the primary advantages of the Kimberley Process is its role in ensuring ethical sourcing of diamonds. By requiring governments to certify shipments of rough diamonds as “conflict-free,” the process provides assurance to consumers that the diamonds they purchase have not contributed to violence or human rights abuses.

2. Promoting International Cooperation

The KPCS encourages international cooperation among participating countries, diamond producers, and civil society organizations. This collaboration helps in creating a unified front against the trade in conflict diamonds, fostering diplomatic ties and global accountability.

3. Enhancing Consumer Confidence

For consumers, the Kimberley Process plays a crucial role in enhancing confidence in the diamond industry. The certification scheme provides a level of transparency that allows buyers to make informed decisions, supporting diamonds that are sourced responsibly and ethically.

4. Economic Benefits to Participating Countries

Participating countries in the Kimberley Process often benefit economically from the legitimate diamond trade. By complying with the certification requirements, these countries gain access to international markets that value ethical practices, thereby boosting their economies and promoting sustainable development.

Cons of the Kimberley Process

1. Limited Scope and Effectiveness

Critics argue that the Kimberley Process has limitations in its scope and effectiveness. The scheme primarily focuses on conflict diamonds and may not address other issues within the diamond industry, such as environmental impacts, labor practices, and fair trade concerns.

2. Challenges in Enforcement

Enforcing the Kimberley Process standards across all participating countries remains a challenge. Some countries struggle with corruption, inadequate resources, or political instability, which can undermine the effectiveness of the certification scheme and lead to loopholes in diamond trading.

3. Lack of Transparency in Certification

There have been concerns about the transparency of the certification process itself. While the Kimberley Process requires governments to issue certificates for shipments of rough diamonds, critics argue that these certificates are not always reliable indicators of a diamond’s true origin or ethical status.

4. Inclusion of Non-Compliant Diamonds

Despite efforts to prevent conflict lab created diamonds from entering the market, there have been instances where non-compliant diamonds have been illegally traded or smuggled into the supply chain. These diamonds may not bear legitimate Kimberley Process certificates, undermining the integrity of the entire certification scheme.


The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme has made significant strides in addressing the issue of conflict diamonds and promoting ethical practices within the diamond industry. However, it is not without its challenges and criticisms. As consumer awareness grows and global standards evolve, there is a continuous need to strengthen and improve the effectiveness of the Kimberley Process.


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